The Islamic Creed (Aqeedah Al-Islaamiyyah)
The Islamic Creed is defined and verified by evidence from the Qu'ran and the Sunnah. The Six fundemental beliefs are the belief in Allah, his Angels, his Books, his Messengers, the Last Day and Al-Qadar. This is most accurately expressed in the Hadith where the Prophet said in his reply to Jibril, when the latter asked him about Emaan.
Belief in Allah
- The existance of Allah is known through different ways such as Fitra, Reasoning.
- Fitra which is the natural state that people are born in. In this natural state people have disposition to believe in a sole creator. Al-Bukhari related in his Saheeh (v8 hadith 597) Each Child is born in a state of Fitra but his parents make him a Jew or a Christian.
- Allah is also known through Reasoning and the proof of singularity and the evidence of design.
- Allah says in the Qu'ran Were they created by nothing, or were they themselves the creators? AT-TUR (52:35)
- Emaan is also the belief in Allah's Lordship and his worthiness of being the only deity (Uloohiyyah).
- Allah says in FATIR 35:13 ...Such is Allah your Lord: to Him belongs all Dominion. And those whom ye invoke besides Him have not the least power(own not even a Qitmeer
- Allah also says AL-BAQARA 2:163 And your Ilaah is one Ilaah, La ilaah illah Huwa
- And the belief in Allah's attributes as declared in the 99 names of Allah.
Belief in the Angels
The Angels are creation from the World of the Unseen, who worship Allah. Allah created them from light and granted them the complete submission to his command. Emaan in the Angels include belief in all the named Angels such as Jibril, Mika'il, Israfil, Azra'il, Ridwan, and Malik.
Belief in the Books
Emaan in Allah's Books is obligatory. That is the Books which Allah has sent down unto his Messenger as a Mercy and Guidance to Mankind so that they may utilize to acheivve their happiness in this life and the Hearafter.
Some of the Books previously sent down have been named such as Al-Qu'ran, Torah, Bible and the Psalms of David. Emaan includes belief in all these (in their Original form) and all those books that were not specifically named. And belief that Al-Qu'ran is the Judge over what was authentic or not in the earlier scriptures.