Death of Khadijah

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Life of Muhammad Saws.gif
Birth 570 CE (54 BH)
Muhammad Saws.gif is orphaned 575 CE (49 BH)
Marriage to Khadija 595 CE (28 BH)
Makkah phase of dawa 610622
Quran revealed 610 CE (12 BH)
Declaration at mount Safa 613 CE (9 BH)
First emigration to Abyssinia 615 CE (7 BH)
Start of Boycott of Banu Hashim 616 CE (6 BH)
Year of Sorrow 619 CE (3 BH)
Isra and Mi'raj 620 CE (2 BH)
First pledge of Aqaba 621 CE (1 BH)
Emigration to Yathrib 622 CE (0 AH)
Madinah phase of dawa 622632
Battle of Badr 624 CE (2 AH)
Battle of Uhud 625 CE (3 AH)
Battle of the Trench 627 CE (5 AH)
Treaty of Hudaibiyyah 628 CE (6 AH)
The first pilgrimage 629 CE (7 AH)
Conquest of Makkah 630 CE (8 AH)
Death 632 CE (10 AH)

Only two months after the death of his uncle Abu Talib, did the Messenger of Allâh Saws.gif experience another great personal loss viz., the Mother of believers, his wife Khadijah passed away in Ramadhan 3 BH (April 619), when she was sixty-five years old, and he was fifty [1]. Khadijah was in fact a blessing of Allâh for the Prophet Saws.gif . She, for twenty-five years, shared with him the toils and trials of life, especially in the first ten years of his ministry of Prophethood. He deeply mourned over her death, and once he replied in an honest burst of tender emotions:

"She believed in me when none else did. She embraced Islam when people disbelieved me. And she helped and comforted me in her person and wealth when there was none else to lend me a helping hand. I had children from her only."[2]

Abu Hurairah reported that Gabriel came to Allâh’s Messenger Saws.gif and said: "Allâh’s Messenger, lo, Khadijah is coming to you with a vessel of seasoned food or drink. When she comes to you, offer her greetings from her Lord, and give her glad tidings of a palace of jewels in Paradise where there is no noise and no toil." [3]

These two painful events took place within a short lapse of time and added a lot to his grief and suffering. The Makkans now openly declared their campaign of torture and oppression. The Prophet Saws.gif lost all hope of bringing them back to the right path, so he set out for Al-Ta’if seeking a supportive atmosphere. But there too, he was disappointed and he sustained unbearable tortures and maltreatment that far outweighed his miserable situation in his native town.

His Companions were on equal footing subjected to unspeakable torture and unbearable oppression to such an extent that his closest friend, Abu Bakr, to escape pressure, fled out of Makkah and wanted to leave for Abyssinia (Ethiopia) if it were not for Ibn Ad-Daghanah who met him at Bark Al-Ghamad and managed to dissuade him from completing his journey of escape and brought him back under his protection. [4]

The death of Abu Talib rendered the Prophet Saws.gif vulnerable, and the polytheists availed them of that opportunity to give free rein to their hatred and highhandedness and to translate them in terms of oppression and physical tortures. Once an insolent Quraishite intercepted him and sprinkled sand on his head. When he arrived home, a daughter of his washed the sand away and wept. "Do not weep, my daughter. Allâh will verily protect your father." The Prophet Saws.gif said. [5]

Rapid succession of misfortunes, led the Prophet Saws.gif to call that period, ‘the year of grief and mourning’. Thenceforth, that year bore that appellation.

Source: Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtum


  1. Talqeeh Fuhoom Ahl-al-Athar p.7; Rahmat-ul-lil'alameen 2/164
  2. Musnad Imam Ahmad 6/118
  3. Bukhari 1/539
  4. Bukhari 1/552; Ibn Hisham 1/372
  5. Ibn Hisham 1/416
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