Jordan

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(Esperanto)
Al-Mamlakah al-Urdunniyyah al-Hāšimiyyah

Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Flag of Jordan Coat of arms of Jordan
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem: عاش المليك
("Long Live the King")

Location of Jordan


Capital Amman
31°57′N 35°56′E
Largest city Amman
Official language(s) Arabic
Government Constitutional Monarchy
 - King Abdullah II
 - Prime Minister Marouf al-Bakhit
Independence From the League of Nations mandate administered by the United Kingdom 
 - Date 25 May 1946 
Area  
 - Total 89,342 km² (112th)
  (34,495 sq mi) 
 - Water (%) ~0.01%
Population  
 - July 2005 est. 5,703,000 (106th)
 - 2003 census 5,460,000
 - Density 64/km² (131st)
(166/sq mi) 
GDP (PPP) 2005 estimate
 - Total $27.96 billion (97th)
 - Per capita $ 4,825 (103rd)
HDI (2003) 0.753 (90th) – medium
Currency Jordanian dinar (JOD)
Time zone UTC+2 (UTC)
Internet TLD .jo
Calling code +962


Jordan, officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, is a kingdom in southwest Asia. It borders Saudi Arabia to the southeast, Iraq to the east, Syria to the north, Palestine to the west, sharing control of the Dead Sea. Jordan's only port is at its southern tip, at the Gulf of Aqaba, which it shares with Palestine, Egypt, and Saudi Arabia. Much of Jordan is covered by the Arabian Desert. However, the north-western part of Jordan is part of the Fertile Crescent. The capital city is Amman.

Islam is the predominant religion in Jordan, and it is the majority religion among both Arabs and non-Arabs. It is the official religion of the country, and approximately 92% of the population is Muslim by religion, primarily of the Sunni branch of Islam. Islamic studies are offered to students but are not mandatory to non-Muslim students. Jordan is an advocate for religious freedom in the region and the world. Religious officials have no part in the government and are not allowed to interfere in the state's affairs.

Introduction of Islam in Jordan

Demographics

Graph showing the population of Jordan from 1960 to 2005.

The Jordan National Census for the year 2004 was released on October 1 of the same year, According to the census, Jordan had a population of 5,100,981. The census estimated that there are another 190,000 who were not counted (for being out of the country at the time the census was taken, or did not turn in their forms). National growth rate was 2.5% (at maximum) compared to 3.3% of the 1994 census. Males made up 51.5% of Jordan's population (2,628,717), while females constituted 2,472,264 (48.5%). Jordanian citizens made up 93% of the population (4,750,463), while non-Jordanian citizens made up 7% (349,933). However, it is estimated that most of those who did not turn in their forms were immigrants from neighboring countries, There were 946,000 households in Jordan in 2004, with an average of 5.3 persons/household (compared to 6 persons/household for the census of 1994).[1] The next census is scheduled to take place in 2014.

Of the non-Jordanian population which comprise 2% to 5% of Jordan's population, most are Circassians, Chechens, Armenians, Turkmans, and Gypsies, all of which have maintained separate ethnic identities, but have integrated into mainstream Jordanian culture.[2][3] Since the Iraq War many Christians (Assyrians/Chaldeans) from Iraq have settled permanently or temporarily in Jordan.

During the years 2004–2007, Jordan saw a rapid increase in its population due to the heavy migration of Iraqi refugees, an independent census carried in 2007, estimated that there are 700,000 Iraqis residing in Jordan, other estimates put them as high as one million Iraqis.[4] Estimates put the population of Jordan slightly over 6,300,000 as of the year 2009[5] (increasing from 5,100,000 in 2004).

File:Chaldeansinjordan.jpg
The growing Iraqi Chaldean Catholic population in Jordan.

Jordan has one of the highest immigration rates in the world (16th) but immigration has dropped in recent years leaving Jordan ranked 114th in the world in 2010 .[5] Iraqis, Palestinians, Lebanese, Syrians, Egyptians, Kurds, Armenians, Circassians, and Chechens are just some of the groups that make up Jordan's diverse population.[6]

UNRWA indicates that as many as 1,951,603 persons are registered as Palestinian refugees in 2008[7] mostly as Jordanian citizens.

According to Labour Ministry figures, the number of guest workers in the country now stands just over 300,000, most are Egyptians who makeup 227,000 of the foreign labor, and the remaining 36,150 workers are mostly from Bangladesh, China, Sri Lanka and India.


References

  1. النتائج الاولية للتعداد. Dos.gov.jo. Retrieved on 2010-06-15.
  2. CIA - The World Fact book -- Jordan
  3. People of Jordan. State.gov (2010-01-19). Retrieved on 2010-06-15.
  4. Leyne, Jon. Doors closing on fleeing Iraqis, BBC News, 24 January 2007. Retrieved 4 July 2008.
  5. 5.0 5.1 CIA World Factbook
  6. "BBC report: Jordan tightens Iraqi immigration" (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/6403549.stm), 2007-02-28, <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/6403549.stm>. Retrieved on date={{subst:CURRENTMONTHNAME}} {{subst:CURRENTYEAR}}
  7. UNRWA Statistics. Un.org. Retrieved on 2010-06-15.
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