Islam by country

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Islam is the world's second largest religion after Christianity. According to a 2009 demographic study, Islam has 1.57 billion adherents, making up 23% of the world population.[1][2]

Islam is the predominant religion in the Middle East, in northern Africa,[3][4] and in some parts of Asia.[5] Large communities of Muslims are also found in China, the Balkans, and Russia.[6] Other parts of the world host large Muslim immigrant communities; in Western Europe, for instance, Islam is the second largest religion after Christianity, though it represents less than 5% of the total population.[7]

Approximately 50 countries are Muslim-majority.[2] Around 62% of the world's Muslims live in Asia, with over 683 million adherents in such countries as Indonesia (the largest Muslim country by population, home to 15.6% of the world's Muslims[8]), Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh (all three being successor states to the former British Raj).[2][9] About 20% of Muslims live in Arab countries.[10] In the Middle East, the non-Arab countries of Turkey and Iran are the largest Muslim-majority countries; in Africa, Egypt and Nigeria have the most populous Muslim communities.[9]

A demographic study conducted by the Pew Research Center in October 2009[1][2] found that there are 1.57 billion Muslims around the world, accounting for roughly 1 in 4 people. The study found more Muslims in Germany than in Lebanon and more in China than in Syria.[11]

The vast majority of Muslims are Sunni, while an estimated 10 – 13% are Shi'a.[2]

Contents

List

Figures indicated in the first three columns below are based on the demographic study by the Pew Research Center report of Mapping the Global Muslim Population, as of 8 October 2009.[1][2]

Country/Region Muslim population
2009 Pew Report[2]
Muslim percentage (%) of total population
2009 Pew Report[2]
Percentage (%) of World Muslim population
2009 Pew Report[2]
Muslim population
Other sources
Muslim percentage (%)
Other sources
Afghanistan Afghanistan 28,072,000 99.7 1.8
Template:Country data Albania Albania 2,522,000 79.9 0.2 70%[12]
Algeria Algeria 34,199,000 98.0 2.2
Template:Country data Angola Angola 190,000 1 < 0.1
Argentina Argentina 784,000 1.9 0.1
Armenia Armenia 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Template:Country data Aruba Aruba - < 0.2 < 0.1
Australia Australia 365,000 1.7 < 0.1
Template:Country data Austria Austria 353,000 4.2 < 0.1 400-500,000[13] ~6.0%[14]
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 8,765,000 99.2 0.6
Bahrain Bahrain 642,000 81.2 < 0.1
Bangladesh Bangladesh 145,312,000 89.6 9.3
Belarus Belarus 19,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Template:Country data Belgium Belgium 281,000 3 < 0.1 628,751[15] 6.0%[15]
Template:Country data Belize Belize 1,400 0.1 < 0.1
Template:Country data Benin Benin 2,182,000 24.4 0.1
Template:Country data Bhutan Bhutan 7,000 1.0 < 0.1
Template:Country data Bolivia Bolivia 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Template:Country data Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia-Herzegovina 1,522,000 40 0.1 45%[16]
Template:Country data Botswana Botswana 8,000 0.4 < 0.1
Template:Country data Brazil Brazil 191,000 0.1 < 0.1
Template:Country data Brunei Brunei 269,000 67.2 < 0.1
Template:Country data Bulgaria Bulgaria 920,000 12.2 0.1
Template:Country data Burkina Faso Burkina Faso 9,292,000 59.0 0.6
Template:Country data Burundi Burundi 180,000 2 < 0.1
Template:Country data Cambodia Cambodia 236,000 1.6 < 0.1
Template:Country data Cameroon Cameroon 3,498,000 17.9 0.2 20.9%[17]
Canada Canada 657,000 2.0 < 0.1 1.9%[18]
Template:Country data Cape Verde Cape Verde 1,000 < 1 < 1
Template:Country data Central African Republic Central African Republic 395,000 8.9 < 0.1 15%[19][20]
Template:Country data Chad Chad 6,257,000 55.8 0.4
Template:Country data Chile Chile 4,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Template:Country data China China 21,667,000 1.6 1.4 50,000,000[21] 4%
Colombia Colombia 14,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Template:Country data Comoros Comoros 664,000 98.3 < 0.1
Template:Country data Costa Rica Costa Rica - < 0.1 < 0.1
Template:Country data Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of Congo 943,000 1.4 0.1
Template:Country data Croatia Croatia 18,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Cuba Cuba 9,000 0.1 < 0.1
Cyprus Cyprus 198,000 22.7 < 0.1
Template:Country data Czech Republic Czech Republic 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Denmark Denmark 88,000 2 < 0.1 210,000[22] 3.7%[22]
Template:Country data Djibouti Djibouti 838,000 96.9 0.1
Template:Country data Dominican Republic Dominican Republic 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Template:Country data East Timor East Timor 43,000 3.8 < 0.1
Template:Country data Ecuador Ecuador 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Egypt Egypt 78,513,000 94.6 5.0 91% [23]
Template:Country data El Salvador El Salvador 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Template:Country data Eritrea Eritrea 1,854,000 36.5 0.1 50%[24]
Template:Country data Estonia Estonia 2,000 0.1 < 0.1 1,400[25]
Template:Country data Ethiopia Ethiopia 28,063,000 33.9 1.8
Template:Country data Falkland Islands Falkland Islands - < 0.1 < 0.1
Template:Country data Fiji Fiji 53,000 6.3 < 0.1
Template:Country data Finland Finland 24,000 0.2 < 0.1
France France 3,554,000 6 0.2 8%-10%[26]
Template:Country data Gabon Gabon 140,000 9.5 < 0.1
Template:Country data Gambia Gambia 1,625,000 95 0.1
Georgia (country) Georgia 423,000 9.9 < 0.1
Template:Country data Germany Germany 4,026,000 4 0.3 4,300,000[27] 5,4%[27]
Template:Country data Ghana Ghana 3,787,000 15.9 0.2
Template:Country data Greece Greece 310,000 3 < 0.1
Template:Country data Grenada Grenada - 0.3 < 0.1
Template:Country data Guatemala Guatemala 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Template:Country data Guinea Guinea 8,502,000 84.4 0.5
Template:Country data Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau 680,000 42.2 < 0.1 50%[28]
Template:Country data Guyana Guyana 55,000 7.2 < 0.1
Template:Country data Haiti Haiti 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Template:Country data Honduras Honduras 11,000 0.1 < 0.1
Hungary Hungary 24,000 0.2 < 0.1
Template:Country data Iceland Iceland - < 0.1 < 0.1
India India 160,945,000 13.4 10.3
Template:Country data Indonesia Indonesia 202,867,000 88.2 12.9
Template:Country data Isle of Man Isle of Man - < 0.2 < 0.1
Iran Iran 73,777,000 99.4 4.7
Iraq Iraq 30,428,000 99 2
Republic of Ireland Ireland 22,000 0.5 < 0.1 84,064[13] 2%[13]
Template:Country data Israel Israel 1,194,000 16.7 0.1
Template:Country data Italy Italy 36,000 < 0.1 < 0.1 825,000[14] 1.4%[14]
Template:Country data Côte d'Ivoire Ivory Coast 7,745,000 36.7 0.5
Jamaica Jamaica 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Japan Japan 183,000 0.1 < 0.1
Jordan Jordan 6,202,000 98.2 0.4
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 8,822,000 56.4 0.6 65%[29]
Template:Country data Kenya Kenya 2,793,000 7.0 0.2 10%[30]
Template:Country data Kosovo Kosovo 1,999,000 89.6 0.1 1,584,000[31]
Kuwait Kuwait 2,824,000 95 0.2
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan 4,734,000 86.3 0.3
Template:Country data Laos Laos 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Template:Country data Latvia Latvia 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Lebanon Lebanon 2,504,000 59.3 0.2
Template:Country data Lesotho Lesotho 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Template:Country data Liberia Liberia 483,000 12.2 < 0.1
Libya Libya 6,203,000 96.6 0.4
Template:Country data Lithuania Lithuania 3,000 0.1 < 0.1
Template:Country data Luxembourg Luxembourg 13,000 3 < 0.1
Template:Country data Macedonia Macedonia 680,000 33 < 0.1
Template:Country data Madagascar Madagascar 215,000 1.1 < 0.1
Template:Country data Malawi Malawi 1,955,000 12.8 0.1
Malaysia Malaysia 16,581,000 60.4 1.1
Template:Country data Maldives Maldives 304,000 98.4 < 0.1
Template:Country data Mali Mali 12,040,000 92.5 0.8
Template:Country data Malta Malta 1,000 < 0.2 < 0.1
Template:Country data Mauritania Mauritania 3,261,000 99.1 0.2
Template:Country data Mauritius Mauritius 214,000 16.6 < 0.1
Mexico Mexico 110,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Template:Country data Moldova Moldova 17,000 0.5 < 0.1
Template:Country data Mongolia Mongolia 133,000 5.0 < 0.1
Template:Country data Montenegro Montenegro 111,000 17.7 < 0.1
Morocco Morocco 31,993,000 99 2
Template:Country data Mozambique Mozambique 5,224,000 22.8 0.3
Template:Country data Myanmar Myanmar 1,889,000 3.8 0.1
Template:Country data Namibia Namibia 8,000 0.4 < 0.1
Template:Country data Nepal Nepal 1,231,000 4.2 0.1
Template:Country data Netherlands Netherlands 946,000 5.7 0.1 5.8%[32]
Template:Country data New Caledonia New Caledonia 7,000 2.8 < 0.1
Template:Country data New Zealand New Zealand 37,000 0.9 < 0.1
Template:Country data Nicaragua Nicaragua 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Template:Country data Niger Niger 15,075,000 98.6 1.0
Template:Country data Nigeria Nigeria 78,056,000 50.4 5.0
Template:Country data North Korea North Korea 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Template:Country data Norway Norway 65,000 1 < 0.1 163,180 in 2008[33] 3.5 %
Oman Oman 2,494,000 87.7 0.2
Pakistan Pakistan 174,082,000 96.3 11.1
Palestinian territories Palestinian territories 4,173,000 98 < 0.1 99.3% (Gaza Strip),[34] 75% (West Bank)[35]
Template:Country data Panama Panama 24,000 0.7 < 0.1
Template:Country data Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Template:Country data Paraguay Paraguay 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Template:Country data Peru Peru 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Template:Country data Philippines Philippines 4,654,000 5.1 0.3
Poland Poland 48,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Portugal Portugal 15,000 0.1 < 0.1
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Qatar Qatar 1,092,000 77.5 0.1
Template:Country data Republic of the Congo Congo 59,000 1.6 < 0.1
Template:Country data Romania Romania 66,000 0.3 < 0.1
Russia Russia 16,482,000 11.7 1.0 ~ 20,000,000 15%[36]
Template:Country data Rwanda Rwanda 182,000 1.8 < 0.1
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 24,949,000 97 2
Template:Country data Senegal Senegal 12,028,000 96.0 0.8
Template:Country data Serbia Serbia 244,000 3.2 < 0.1
Template:Country data Seychelles Seychelles 1,000 1.1 < 0.1
Template:Country data Sierra Leone Sierra Leone 4,059,000 71.3 0.3
Template:Country data Singapore Singapore 706,000 14.9 < 0.1
Template:Country data Slovakia Slovakia - < 0.1 < 0.1
Template:Country data Slovenia Slovenia 49,000 2.4 < 0.1
Template:Country data Somalia Somalia 8,995,000 98.5 0.6
South Africa South Africa 731,000 1.5 < 0.1
Template:Country data South Korea South Korea 71,000 0.1 < 0.1
Spain Spain 650,000 1 < 0.1 1,000,000[14] 2.3%[14]
Template:Country data Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 1,711,000 8.5 0.1
Template:Country data Sudan Sudan 30,121,000 71.3 1.9
Template:Country data Suriname Suriname 83,000 15.9 < 0.1 19.6%[37]
Template:Country data Swaziland Swaziland 2,000 0.2 < 0.1
Template:Country data Sweden Sweden 149,000 2 < 0.1 450-500,000[38] ~5%[38]
Template:Country data Switzerland Switzerland 323,000 4.3 < 0.1 400,000[39] 5%[39]
Syria Syria 20,196,000 92.2 1.3
Template:Country data Taiwan Taiwan 23,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Tajikistan Tajikistan 5,848,000 84.1 0.4
Template:Country data Tanzania Tanzania 13,218,000 30.2 0.8 35%[40]
Template:Country data Thailand Thailand 3,930,000 5.8 0.3
Template:Country data Togo Togo 809,000 12.2 0.1 20%[41]
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago 78,000 5.8 < 0.1
Tunisia Tunisia 10,216,000 99.5 0.7
Turkey Turkey 73,619,000 98 4.7
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan 4,757,000 93.1 0.3
Template:Country data Uganda Uganda 3,958,000 12.1 0.3
Ukraine Ukraine 456,000 1.0 < 0.1
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 3,504,000 76.2 0.2
United Kingdom United Kingdom 1,647,000 2.7 0.1 2,422,000[13] 2.4%[14]
United States United States 2,454,000 0.8 0.2 7,000,000[42] 2.15%
Template:Country data Uruguay Uruguay 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 26,469,000 96.3 1.7
Template:Country data Vanuatu Vanuatu - < 0.1 < 0.1
Template:Country data Vatican City Vatican City - < 0.1 < 0.1
Template:Country data Venezuela Venezuela 94,000 0.3 < 0.1
Template:Country data Vietnam Vietnam 71,200[43] 0.08 < 0.05
Template:Country data Western Sahara Western Sahara 510,000 99.4 < 0.1
Yemen Yemen 23,363,000 99.1 1.5
Template:Country data Zambia Zambia 58,000 0.4 < 0.1
Template:Country data Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 109,000 0.9 < 0.1
Asia-Pacific 972,537,000 24.1 61.9
Middle East-North Africa 315,322,000 91.2 20.1
Sub-Saharan Africa 240,632,000 30.1 15.3
Europe 38,112,000 5.2 2.4
Americas 4,596,000 0.5 0.3
World Total 1,571,198,000 22.9 100

See also

Template:Life in OIC

Other religions:

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8
  3. "The Africanization of Missionary Christianity: History and Typology", Steven Kaplan, Journal of Religion in Africa 16 (3) (1986), 165–186. In Africa, Islam and Christianity are growing – and blending. Abraham McLaughlin The Christian Science Monitor, 26 January 2006.
  4. Encyclopedia Britannica. Britannica Book of the Year 2003. Encyclopedia Britannica, (2003) ISBN 9780852299562 p.306
    According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, as of mid-2002, there were 376,453,000 Christians, 329,869,000 Muslims and 98,734,000 people who practiced traditional religions in Africa. Ian S. Markham,(A World Religions Reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 1996.) is cited by Morehouse University as giving the mid 1990s figure of 278,250,800 Muslims in Africa, but still as 40.8% of the total population. These numbers are estimates, and remain a matter of conjecture. See Amadu Jacky Kaba. The spread of Christianity and Islam in Africa: a survey and analysis of the numbers and percentages of Christians, Muslims and those who practice indigenous religions. The Western Journal of Black Studies, Vol 29, Number 2, June 2005. Discusses the estimations of various almanacs and encyclopedium, placing Britannica's estimate as the most agreed figure. Notes the figure presented at the World Christian Encyclopedia, summarized here, as being an outlier. On rates of growth, Islam and Pentecostal Christianity are highest, see: The List: The World’s Fastest-Growing Religions, Foreign Policy, May 2007.
  5. Britannica [1], Think Quest [2], Wadsworth.com [3]
  6. Secrets of Islam, U.S. News & World Report. Information provided by the International Population Center, Department of Geography, San Diego State University (2005).
  7. See: Major Religions of the World Ranked by Number of Adherents. Adherents.com. Retrieved on 2007-01-09.
  8. See these figures
  9. 9.0 9.1 Number of Muslim by country. nationmaster.com. Retrieved on 2007-05-30.
  10. See:
    • Esposito (2002b), p.21
    • Esposito (2004), pp.2,43
  11. Eric Gorski (2009-10-08) Report: Global Muslim population hits 1.57 billion Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life. Retrieved on 2009-10-11.
  12. Albania. The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved on 2010-06-05.
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 http://www.euro-islam.info/2010/02/09/how-many-muslims-live-in-austria/
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.5
  15. 15.0 15.1 http://www.indymedia.be/en/node/29363
  16. [4]
  17. [5]
  18. Canada. The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved on 2010-06-22.
  19. [6]
  20. [7]
  21. [8]
  22. 22.0 22.1 http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/irf/2009/127307.htm
  23. http://www.nationmaster.com/graph/rel_isl_per_mus-religion-islam-percentage-muslim
  24. [9]
  25. Islam in Estonia homepage.
  26. [10]
  27. 27.0 27.1 http://www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,,4419533,00.html
  28. [11]
  29. Kazakhstan. United States Commission on International Religious Freedom. United States Department of State (2009-10-26). Retrieved on 2010-06-03.
  30. [12]
  31. Kosovo. The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved on 2009-07-24.
  32. Netherlands. The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved on 2010-06-22.
  33. http://www.ssb.no/samfunnsspeilet/utg/200903/03/tab-2009-06-15-02.html
  34. Gaza Strip. The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved on 2010-06-05.
  35. West Bank. The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved on 2010-06-05.
  36. [13]
  37. [14]
  38. 38.0 38.1 http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/irf/2009/127339.htm
  39. 39.0 39.1 http://www.euronews.net/2009/11/19/minaret-debate-angers-swiss-muslims/
  40. [15]
  41. [16]
  42. Ihsan Bagby, Paul M. Perl, Bryan T. Froehle (2010-02-20) [17]. Council on American-Islamic Relations (Washington, D.C.). Retrieved on 2010-02-20.
  43. Muslim Population in Asia: 1950 – 2020

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