|Total population||9.8 million 100 million |
|Regions with significant populations||China|
According to Bai Shouyi the Hui are decendents from the Muslim trading communites during the Tang Dynasty and the Song Dynasty. The first known instance of the use of HuiHui is in the Song Dynasty text Mengxi bita. The Author Shen kuo records battle verses sung by Song soldiers at Yan'an a military post adjacent to the sourther border of the Buddhist Tangut kingdom on XiXia "Flag bearers form a sea of polished silk brocade, Armoured troops charge downhil to batlle the huihui".
The term Hui was defined under the Communists in 1930 to inidcate ethinic chinese Muslims. Their catogorisation as Hui people was a response to Japenese overtures to the Muslim and Mongolian people in China to illicit an alliance or at the very least neutrality . The Communists released a document callled "Manifesto of the Chinese Central Soviet to the Hui people". The document granted them political autonomy and religious freedom and the right to bear arms  . Later in 1941 the Communist Party clarified the term Hui as follows . The Hui or Huihui constitue an ethnic group associated with, but not defined by, the islamic religion and they are decended primarily from Muslims who migrated to China during the Yuan Dynasty (1206-1368), as distinct from the Uyghur and other Turkic speaking ethnic groups in Xinjiang. The Hui where recognised as part of 5 ethnic groups that sybolise the 5 stars on the Chinese Flag. They include Manchus, Mongols, Tibetans and the Han Chinese.
However terms such as Hui Hui were known at a much earlier date.
Currently in China those who categorise themselves as Hui do so , based on an actual or perceived lineage from the early Arab, Persian and Turkish people who entered China during the Tang Dynasty. Although the categorisation of Hui is closely linked to Islam many Hui consider themselves Hui based on lineage only. This is true of many of the Hui families in South China, and the large number of Hui who fled to Taiwan under Chiang Kai-Shek
Given the various facets of Hui identification, such as religion and ancestory, there exists various terms that have been used to address these differences. So Yislan Jiao is also used for Islam, and Hui Jiao is used for religion. A Hui min (Hui Person) removes the religious element, as well as Hui jiao tu for the religion, and Hui minzu for the Hui ethnic group. in addition in Soviet Central Asia, the Hui are known as Dungan, and in Yunnan Panthay.
Although Hui are found in every major Chinese City, various concentrations of Hui people has led to the creation of various autonomous administration units within China.
- Ningxia Ningxia Autonomous Region founded in 1958 CE (1377 AH)
- Gansu Linxia Autonomous Prefecture founded in 1956 CE (1375 AH)
- Gansu Zhangjiacuan Autonomous Prefecture founded in 1953 CE (1372 AH)
- Xinjiang Changji Autonomous Prefecture founded in 1954 CE (1373 AH)
- Xinjiang Yanqi Autonomous County founded in 1954 CE (1373 AH)
- Hebei Dachang Autonomous County founded in 1955 CE (1374 AH)
- Hebei Mengcun Autonomous County founded in 1955 CE (1374 AH)
- Qinghai Hualong Autonomous County founded in 1954 CE (1373 AH)
- Qinghai Menyuan Autonomous County founded in 1953 CE (1372 AH)
- Guizhou Weining Yi, Hui and Miao Autonomous County founded in 1954 CE (1373 AH)
- Yunnan Weining Yi, Hui and Miao Autonomous County founded in 1956 CE (1375 AH)
- Yunnan Xundian Hui and Yi Autonomous County founded in 1979 CE (1399 AH)
|Part of a Category:Islam in China of articles on|
|Islamic Architecture in China|
|Muslim People in China|
|Muslim Wushu Masters|
|Islamic Dyansties in China|
|Islamic Cities/Regions in China|
|History of Islam in China|
- Zheng He, Admiral from Yunnan commanding the largest Chinese fleet during the Yuan Dynasty
- Bai Chongxi, a general of the Republic of China
- Shi Zhongxin, current mayor of Harbin since 2002, ancestry Jilin City
- Liu Zhi , Scholar versed in Confuscianism and Islam, 1660 CE (1070 AH)
- Tuo Ming, leader of the Xinjiang uprising
- Ma Fuchu, Confuscious and Islamic Scholar 1994 CE (1414 AH)
- Wang Daiyu, Confuscious and Islamic Scholar
- Ma Zhu, Confuscious and Islamic Scholar
- Jin Tianzhu, Confuscious and Islamic Scholar
- Ma Rulong Early leader of the Panthay Rebellion
- Du Wenxiu Dali Sultanate created during the Panthay Rebellion
- Ma Bufang ruler of Qinghai between 1910 CE (1327 AH) and 1949 CE (1368 AH)
- Ma Honqkui ruler of Gansu between 1910 CE (1327 AH) and 1949 CE (1368 AH)
- Ma Jiyuan part of the Five Ma
- Ma Honbin part of the Five Ma
- Chang Yuchun one of the main generals that founded the Ming Dynasty
- Ma Shouying general of Shaanxi province during the Ming Dynasty
- Hu Dahai general during the creationg of the Ming Dynasty
- Wu Zhong founder of Ba Ji Quan style of Wushu.
Sub Categories of Hui
- Chantou Hui (turbaned Hui)
- Dongxiang Hui
- Salar Hui
- Han Hui - those who are more closely linked to Han Culture.
- Zang Hui - Tibetan Hui
- Meng Hui - Mongolian Hui - Alshan district - inner Mongolia
- Dai Hui- in Xishuangbana Yunnan
- Bai Hui - in Eryuan county Yunnan
South China Hui Communities
After the fall of the Dali Sultanate in Yunnan many Hui fled north, they gradually assimilated to Bai culture. However they still maintain the legend that tye are descended from the Black Cloth, early Turkish-speaking Muslims who settled there under the Tany Dynasty.
- ↑ offical (2001 census)
- ↑ unoffical
- ↑ "Zhonghua Suwei'ai Zhongyang Zhengfu dui Huizu renmin de xuanyan" (Manifesto of the Chinese Central Soviet to the Hui people [Huizu renmin]), 1936/8/1.
- ↑ Bai Shouyi, Zhongguo Huihui minzu shi (A history of the Huihui nationality in China), Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 2003, pp.36-44