History of Islam in China
|Part of a Category:Islam in China of articles on|
|Islamic Architecture in China|
|Muslim People in China|
|Muslim Wushu Masters|
|Islamic Dyansties in China|
|Islamic Cities/Regions in China|
|History of Islam in China|
Islam in China has a very rich history and begins after just a few decades after Muhammed received the prophetic revelation. Trade between the Arabian peninsular and the Chinese South Coast was already existant, and continued to flourish when those arab maritime traders embraced Islam. It reached its peak under the Mongolian Yuan dynasty whose perception of foreign trade was more positive than the previous Chinese Dynasties. China's long and interactive relationship with the various Steppe tribes and empires , be it through trade, war ,subordination or domination paved the way for a large sustained islamic community within China, whose influence came from the various steppe people who became incorporated into China, as well as the large number of adminstrators, generals, and leaders who were transfered into China from Persia and Central Asia to administer the empire under the Mongolians. Islam also found its way into China from Vietnam and Cambodia where sizeable islamic communities had sprung up with the Islamification of India and its surrounding countries such as Burma. This played a large part in the creation of a large Islamic community in Yunnan, which became the largest concentration of Muslims outside of the Northern provinces.
- Zij (1366)
- al-Madkhal fi Sina'at Ahkam al-Nujum [Introduction to Astrology] (1004?)
19th - 20th Century
Under the Qing empire and the process of sinification of China, Chinese Muslims Hui, and other Muslim groups became a primary target for the Empires policies. This was due in large part to the resistance Muslims gave against the sinification of their regions and sustained persecution. As a consequence of this persecutions Muslims established Islamic States, within China's eastern borders
and what is now its norther borders
It also led to development of Chinese Muslim wushu, that gave rise to many styles, and grandmasters
- Treaty between Russia and Kashgar on 8th June 1872 (1st Rabbi al-Thanni 1289)
- Treaty between England and Kashgar on 13th April 1874 (25th Safar 1291)
- After the 1784 CE (1198 AH) Ma Mingxin uprising, the Qing government forbade non-Muslims from converting to Islam
- Chairman Mao once regarded Pork as a National Treasure and sought to induce Hui to raise and consume pigs. 
The first group of Muslims to settle and work in China became known as the Gedimu, they were decendents of the Arabs and Persians merchants who traded and settled on the south coast of China in Quanzhou, Guangzhou and other costal cities. They are also the descendents of the Arabs, Persians and Central Asian, and Mongolian Muslim that tranversed the long established silk roads.
A Northwest traveller described the communites as
In some districts throughout the province Gansu the Moslems are found in such numbers as to outnumber the Chines in the proportion of seven to one. Again, in another districts it is possible to travel for days ithout coming across one Moslem family, and in such districts in would be next to impossible for a Moslem family to settle ... To find Chinese and Moslems living harmoniously intermingled is on the rarest occassion 
This was the main flow of Islam into the region from the 7th to the 17th century.
During the early decades of the Qing, Sufism found its way from the established Sufi communities in Central Asia into China. They entered China through XinJian. This new wave of Islam was known as the xin jiao (the new teachings}