History of Islam in China

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Introduction

Part of a Category:Islam in China of articles on

Islam

Islam in China

Islamic Architecture in China

Chinese Mosques and Muslim Architects

Major figures

Zheng HeHaji NoorMa BufangPu Shougeng Jamal ud-Din

Muslim People in China

HuiSalarUygursKazakhsKirgiz TartarsAryan TajkisUzbeksDongxiang

Muslim Wushu Masters

Wang Zi PingMa MentaYang Wan LuChamirChang Yuchun Hu DahaiMu yingLan YuWu ZhongZhang Shao Fu

Islamic Dyansties in China

Sultanate of Xeng Hong
Yunnan SultanateFive Ma
Sultanate of KweichowXinjiang Sultanate

Islamic Cities/Regions in China

NingxiaQuanzhou
TongxinHunanLinxia

History of Islam in China

Ming DynastyYuan DynastyQing DynastyTang DynastyModern HistoryTimeline of Islam in China

Islam in China has a very rich history and begins after just a few decades after Muhammed Saws.gif received the prophetic revelation. Trade between the Arabian peninsular and the Chinese South Coast was already existant, and continued to flourish when those arab maritime traders embraced Islam. It reached its peak under the Mongolian Yuan dynasty whose perception of foreign trade was more positive than the previous Chinese Dynasties. China's long and interactive relationship with the various Steppe tribes and empires , be it through trade, war ,subordination or domination paved the way for a large sustained islamic community within China, whose influence came from the various steppe people who became incorporated into China, as well as the large number of adminstrators, generals, and leaders who were transfered into China from Persia and Central Asia to administer the empire under the Mongolians. Islam also found its way into China from Vietnam and Cambodia where sizeable islamic communities had sprung up with the Islamification of India and its surrounding countries such as Burma. This played a large part in the creation of a large Islamic community in Yunnan, which became the largest concentration of Muslims outside of the Northern provinces.

Contents

Background

Main article: History of the Turks

Maritime Period

Main article: Quanzhou
Main article: Guangzhou

Central Period

Yuan Dynasty

Ming Dynasty

Translation of the following books on Islamic Astrology into chinese under the orders of Emperor Taizu of the Ming Dynasty in 1383 CE (784 AH)

  • Zij (1366)
  • al-Madkhal fi Sina'at Ahkam al-Nujum [Introduction to Astrology] (1004?)

19th - 20th Century

Under the Qing empire and the process of sinification of China, Chinese Muslims Hui, and other Muslim groups became a primary target for the Empires policies. This was due in large part to the resistance Muslims gave against the sinification of their regions and sustained persecution. As a consequence of this persecutions Muslims established Islamic States, within China's eastern borders

Main article: Panthay Rebellion

and what is now its norther borders

Main article: Xinjiang Sultanate

It also led to development of Chinese Muslim wushu, that gave rise to many styles, and grandmasters

21st Century

Communism

  • Chairman Mao once regarded Pork as a National Treasure and sought to induce Hui to raise and consume pigs. [citation needed]
Main article: Five Ma

Islamic Groups

Gedimu

The first group of Muslims to settle and work in China became known as the Gedimu, they were decendents of the Arabs and Persians merchants who traded and settled on the south coast of China in Quanzhou, Guangzhou and other costal cities. They are also the descendents of the Arabs, Persians and Central Asian, and Mongolian Muslim that tranversed the long established silk roads.

A Northwest traveller described the communites as

   
History of Islam in China

In some districts throughout the province Gansu the Moslems are found in such numbers as to outnumber the Chines in the proportion of seven to one. Again, in another districts it is possible to travel for days ithout coming across one Moslem family, and in such districts in would be next to impossible for a Moslem family to settle ... To find Chinese and Moslems living harmoniously intermingled is on the rarest occassion [1]

   
History of Islam in China

This was the main flow of Islam into the region from the 7th to the 17th century.

Main article: Gedimu

scholars

Sufism

During the early decades of the Qing, Sufism found its way from the established Sufi communities in Central Asia into China. They entered China through XinJian. This new wave of Islam was known as the xin jiao (the new teachings}

Scholars

Main article: Sufism in China

Ikhwan

Salafiyya

Scholars

Xi Dao Tang

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